Electronics is usually involved in some way on small boat navigation these days. So I'll be organizing the information into the following categories.  Sometimes the boundaries aren't quite so easy to make.  A single function may straddle all three.

DC Power

Navigational Aids


Batteries GPS with chart VHF Radios
Solar Panels Electronic Charting Weather FAX via HF radio
Regulators GPS with a PC Email via HF radio
Lighting GPS with a PDA  

NMEA - National Marine Electronics Association. 0183, 2000. 

AOSA Cardinal Buoys on Wabamun Lake


Aids to Navigation Protection Regulations - Regulations have been enacted, under the Canada Shipping Act, to require anyone who accidentally damages an aid to navigation to report such occurrence to the Canadian Coast Guard and thus ensure the availability of the important service which they provide. These Regulations, which are called Aids to Navigation Protection Regulations, are as follows:

"1. These Regulations may be cited as the Aids to Navigation Protection Regulations."

"2. In these Regulations "aid to navigation" means a buoy, beacon, lighthouse, lightship or any other structure or device installed, built or maintained for the purpose of assisting the navigation of vessels."

"3. (1) The person in charge of a vessel or tow that runs down, moves, damages or destroys an aid to navigation shall report the fact as soon as is practicable to the nearest Regional Director General or District Manager of the Canadian Coast Guard, Department of Fisheries & Oceans.

(2) Every person who fails to comply with subsection (1) is liable to a fine of $200." 



Section 439 of the Criminal Code of Canada provides:

(1) Everyone who makes fast a vessel or boat to a signal, buoy or other seamark that is used for purposes of navigation is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction. The penalty is a fine of not more than $2,000.00 or six months imprisonment or both.

(2) Everyone who willfully alters, removes or conceals a signal, buoy or other seamark that is used for purposes of navigation is guilty of an indictable offence and liable for imprisonment for a term not exceeding ten years." 




This seems to be the link to the entire "The Canadian Aids to Navigation" book that retails for $8.75. 

Criminal Code 


GPS Announcement